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8 Facts About the Signs of Testicular Cancer

Cancer has been the focus of the healthcare media world for an extended period of time. This attention has been a positive force that has driven a significant amount of funding towards cancer research. Testicular cancer is a disease of young men that peaks during the second and third decades of life. Like many cancers, it is an aggressive disease that merits aggressive medical treatment to halt the disease and preserve bodily functions. Understandably, many young men have questions about how to catch this disease early and find early treatment. There are key signs that everyone should keep an eye out for and we have answered some of the most common questions below.

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FACT: When people describe a lump as a sign of cancer, what exactly does this mean?

This is a common question and an important one because different types of cancer will produce different kinds of lumps. For testicular cancer, this means a lump in either testicle. Men should know their body and do regular self-exams so they learn what their normal anatomy is like. This allows them to identify an abnormal finding should this ever appear.

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FACT: Can testicular cancer cause blood in the urine?

While this is not a common finding, it certainly depends on the location of the lump. Blood in the urine is most commonly seen with testicular cancer with a post-intercourse void because testicular cancer does cause blood in the ejaculate. Therefore, men should certainly monitor their penile emissions for any changes.

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FACT: What kind of feeling does this lump cause?

This lump will change the sensation in the scrotal region depending on its location. Regardless of location, it will always make the scrotum feel a little heavier than usual. This is because the lump adds a small amount of mass to the testicle and causes the scrotum to weigh more heavily on the body. Keep an eye out for this heavy feeling.

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FACT: When people talk about testicular cancer causing referred pain, what does this mean?

This is a common question with many different medical conditions. If the lump grows and irritates a nerve, this nerve can run up through the groin and into the abdomen. This can certainly cause people to experience a dull ache in the groin or lower abdomen. This feeling can certainly be a sign of testicular cancer, especially if a lump is involved.

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FACT: I read that testicular cancer can metastasize early. What are some of the common locations I should be aware of?

The most common place for testicular cancer to metastasize to is the back. This includes the spine, anus, and prostate. If the cancer flows to these regions, this can cause back pain. If a patient has back pain in addition to a testicular lump, this is a sign that they should seek medical care immediately.

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FACT: I have pain in my testicles. Is this a sign of testicular cancer?

Not every scrotal discomfort is a sign of testicular cancer. It depends on the circumstances. It could certainly be due to a minor trauma or even a urinary tract infection; however, testicular cancer can certainly cause pain or discomfort. This is why regular self-exams are encouraged.

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FACT: Is testicular cancer genetic?

Most cancers to run in families; however, some can develop spontaneously. What is known is that if there is a history of testicular cancer in a family, the offspring should monitor their testes closely because they are at risk for the development of testicular cancer themselves.

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FACT: Can testicular cancer cause scrotal swelling?

Certainly. In addition to showing up as a lump, this lump could invade the epithelial lining and cause a breakdown in the typical barriers of the scrotal tissue. Fluid can fill the scrotum and cause a marked swelling of the testicular sac.